Khoa hc - Cng ngh Sng kt ni

Robot sng u tin c ch to t phi thai ch

Th Ba, 14/01/2020 14:30:00 +07:00

(VTC News) - "Chng khng phi l robot bnh thng hay l mt loi ng vt mi m l ng cp mi ca s sng to: Sinh vt sng c th lp trnh", cc nh khoa hc chia s.

Nhm cc nh nghin cu ly t bo t phi ch v bin chng thnh c my c th c lp trnh hot ng theo mun. H khng nh chng s c cng nhn l robot sng u tin.

Robot sng u tin c ch to t phi thai ch - 1

Robot sng c pht trin t phi thai ch.

Trong bi bo khoa hc mi y, nhm nghin cu cho bit, ln u tin loi ngi c th to ra nhng c my lp trnh vi cu to hon ton sinh hc. Chuyn gia Joshua Bongard ca i hc Vermont (M), ngi ng lnh o nghin cu cho bit y l nhng c my sng bc ra t tiu thuyt, khng phi l mt robot truyn thng hay mt loi ng vt c bit n.

N c ng cp mi ca s sng to: Mt sinh vt c th lp trnh c. Cc "xenobots" (c quan gi c lp trnh) ny c th vn chuyn thuc trong c th bnh nhn hoc lm sch i dng. Chng cng c th t cha lnh cho bn thn khi gp h hi.

Cc sinh vt mi c thit k bng siu my tnh v sau c ch to bi cc nh sinh hc, c th s dng vi nhiu mc ch khc nhau. ng lnh o sng ch, Michael Levin n t Trung tm Sinh hc Ti sinh v Pht trin thuc i hc Tufts (M) cho bit: "Chng ta c th tng tng nhiu ng dng hu ch ca nhng robot sng ny m cc ngi my khc khng th lm nh tm kim cc hp cht nguy him hoc nhim phng x, thu thp microplastic trong i dng, di chuyn trong cc ng mch co sch mng bm".

Robot sng u tin c ch to t phi thai ch - 2

Sinh vt mi c thit k trn cc siu my tnh. (nh ct t clip ca i hc Vermont)

Cc nh khoa hc cho rng vic thit k robot t nhng vt liu sng nh vy c th dn n nhng thay i ln trong cch s dng cng ngh. Cc xenobots c th ti sinh v hon ton phn hy khi chng cht. Hn na, chng c th t sa cha.

Tuy nhin, cc nh nghin cu cng tha nhn mi nguy him khi s pht trin c th c khai thc vo nhng mc ch khc, dn n nhng hu qu khng lng trc.

QUN KHANH (Theo Independent)
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