Phng s - Khm ph

Trn thua sut b mng v 8 ln lm nn lch s ca phi cng Nguyn Hng Nh

Th Sau, 03/01/2020 10:53:00 +07:00

(VTC News) - Sau trn thua sut b mng do "c m n xi", phi cng Nguyn Hng Nh t rt ra bi hc au n v tr thnh ngi anh hng 8 ln bn ri bay M.

Tay lt tng trang nht k chin u ca chng, b Du khng qun "thuyt trnh" cn k, khin ti c cm tng, tng cu chuyn ca tng Nh trong cun nht k c ngi v hin thuc lng tng ch, v vic k li cho ngi i sau l nim hnh phc ln.

Bi hc t trn thua nh i

y, on ny ng y vit v trn thua nh i sau chin thng u tin. ng y ni trn ny thua l do ch quan v "c m n xi", nhng y cng l trn ng y rt kinh nghim v sau", va ni b Du va a tay r vo nhng con ch trong nht k.

Trn thua sut b mng v 8 ln lm nn lch s ca phi cng Nguyn Hng Nh - 1

Thiu tng Nguyn Hng Nh nm bt ng trn ging bnh 5 nm. (nh: Thy Hu).

Theo nht k chin u m Thiu tng Nguyn Hng Nh ghi li, sau ln u tin bn ri my bay M trn bu tri min Bc, ngy 4/3/1966, Trung on quyt nh a my bay MiG-21 vo chin u, nh ch mi cao.

Lc lng phi cng MiG-21 bc sang giai on ng u c lit vi khng qun M, nhng k t xem mnh l n si trn bu tri, coi phi cng Vit Nam nh cu non, mun xi ti lc no cng c.

Lc , phi cng Nguyn Hng Nh ch mi c vi chc gi bay trn MiG- 21, trong khi ch th ca ng c hng nghn gi bay. Khi nh ph khng phn min Bc Vit Nam, M thng bay vi i hnh 12, 24, 36 chic v nhiu hn, cn i hnh ta nhiu nht l 4 chic.

Trn nh ngy hm y c mc tiu l tiu dit my bay EB-66. Hm tri trong xanh, khng c my. Tip thu v kim tra my bay xong, ng trn sn nhn quanh bu tri, ti ngh: 'Phi chun b nh nhau!'. i vo nh trc, ti gi V Ngc nh (bay s 2) ngi vo bn n sng, va n va hip ng bin i vi nhau khi gp ch.

n sng xong th s ch huy gi in gp ti v giao nhim v: 'Hm nay bin i chun b i nh my bay gy nhiu EB-66, c my bay F-4 bo v EB!. Ti ni li cho nh, qun trit nhim v trn giao v chun b c th phi i chi vi tim kch ch" - ng Nh vit trong nht k.

Trn thua sut b mng v 8 ln lm nn lch s ca phi cng Nguyn Hng Nh - 2

C Nguyn Th Thanh Du k chuyn i ca chng mnh cho PV VTC News. (nh: Thy Hu).

Hai anh em ang trao i v vic nh my bay EB-66 th nhn c tn hiu bo ng: Hai chic trung khng cp 1!. H chy rt nhanh leo ln my bay.

Ti iu khin MiG-21 ln ra ng bng v ct cnh bay v hng Bc theo s liu ca s ch huy ch dn. Bay qua Tuyn Quang, i v hng Cao Bng th s ch huy thng bo ch pha trc 30km, cao 6000 mt. l cao EB-66 thng bay. S ch huy bo tng cng quan st, ti pht hin ch bn tri v bo co v s ch huy: 513 pht hin ch nhng khng phi EB", nhng k c v trn chin nh i c ng Nh lu li trong nht k chin u.

Phi cng Nguyn Hng Nh cha kp cng kch theo lnh ca s ch huy th ch pht hin c MiG v bt u ln vng thng, ni ui nhau chng li MiG. ng Nh ri vo vng thng ca tim kch ch.

Tnh th tr nn kh khn v c lit. Song, ci tnh cay c khin ti c m n xi, tm xem thng EB u. Hi y m bn ri c EB th c gi tr ln v tinh thn cng nh v chin thut. Song ti u c ng khi pht hin c MiG ui nh th bn tim kch vng li p dng chin thut 'vng thng' v 'an cho' chng MiG, to iu kin cho thng EB chy trn.

Trn thua sut b mng v 8 ln lm nn lch s ca phi cng Nguyn Hng Nh - 3

Nht k chin u ca Thiu tng Nguyn Hng Nh. (nh: Thy Hu).

My bay ca ti b ch bn b thng khng iu khin c. H thng du (du to p lc) khng cn git no. cao ti mt t ch my trm mt, nhn thy cy v nhng hn to, r lm ri. Khng th chn ch c na, ti quyt nh nhy d. y l vng i ni vi cy lp xp, khng c bi bng c th h cnh bng. V cng tic chic my bay.

Rut ti au nh t tng khc trc khi hai tay nm vo vng dy ko bn gh. Mt ting n y ti cng vi gh ngi ri khi my bay, ng thi np bung li cng chp vo gh che kn ngi khng b dng khng kh v la chy ca my bay tp vo phi cng.

Ti chm t, ngi b ng lm cho lng chm vo , au m. Khi ti m mt ra th thy c nhiu ngi ngi xung quanh, ngi qut, ngi xoa bp chn tay, lng. Nh vy l b con du kch bit ti l phi cng ca ta. Cm thy lng nh ht au, ti xin ngi dy nhng b con khng cho, bt phi nm- ng Nh k ri kt lun, c trn thua ny l do ci tnh c m n xi ng mc phi t b, ci thu cn i nh nhau vi bn b cng chn b trn cnh ng Trang.

tha hiu l MiG-21 khng nn khng chin kiu 'vng thng' vi 'Phan tm'... nhng vn theo. Mt ln di li mt bi hc su sc cho nhng trn khng chin sau khng mt ln lp li..., Phi cng Nguyn Hng Nh vit.

H 8 my bay M

B Thanh Du cho bit, sau thi gian dng thng, phi cng Nguyn Hng Nh tr v n v ng vo thi im M leo thang nh ph min Bc ngy cng c lit. y cng l thi k ta p dng cch nh vi bin i ln; MiG-21 s dng bin i 2 chic xen k vi bin i 4 chic.

Trn thua sut b mng v 8 ln lm nn lch s ca phi cng Nguyn Hng Nh - 4

8 ln h my bay M l 8 ln phi cng Nguyn Hng Nh c Bc H trao tng huy hiu ca Ngi. (nh: Thy Hu).

"Giai on ny nhiu con s nn ti khng th nh chnh xc c, ti ch nh l ng y lin tc lp chin cng. chc chn th chu c chp hnh cun nht k li ri v a nguyn li ng y vo bi. Nh vy va tn trng ng y, va chnh xc", b Du ni.

Qu vy, nhng trang nht k giai on ny c nhiu con s "nhy ma", si ng, c lit nh thc t chin u lc by gi.

u nm 1967, sau cc trn nh nhiu tn tht, ta quyt nh nh theo li mi dnh cho MiG-21: nh chn, thc sn, to , nh nhanh, rt nhanh... Nh vy, t ch xem thng phi cng Vit Nam, khng qun M phi au u ngh cch lm sao xa s" cc my bay ca ta, nhng u tht bi cay ng. Thnh tch chin u ca phi cng ta tng dn theo nhng ln xut kch.

Chp thi c, ti tng tc xng thng ln i hnh ch, thc hin chin thut nh nhanh, thc su, bn ri ti ch 1 F-105. Thng gic li nhy d, b bt sng, s cn li vi vng qung bom ngoi mc tiu, tho chy.

Trch nht k ca Thiu tng Nguyn Hng Nh

Mt trong nhng trn thng ng nh din ra vo cui thng 8/1967. Hai phi cng Nguyn Hng Nh v Nguyn ng Knh xut kch n vng tri Ngha L th gp my bay trinh st RF-4 ca M trn ng quay ra.

Bit b MiG-21 bm theo, chic tim kch M tm cch lch tu thot nhng khng "ct ui" ni. Ht cch, n quyt nh cm xung vi gc b nho ln. on rng th no "thng" RF-4 ny cng phi ngc ln ch khng th cm u cm c lao xung mi c, phi cng Nguyn Hng Nh bnh tnh ch.

Qu vy, RF-4 cui cng cng phi ngc u ln. Ch ch c th, ng Nh a n vo vng ngm, n nt phng tn la v h my bay ch ngay ti ch.

Thng 9/1967, phi cng Nguyn Hng Nh bn ri thm RF v F-4. Thng 10/1967, ng tip tc h mt chic RF. Cho n ngy 7/11/1967, ng bn ri 7 my bay ch.

thc hin ng li b Thanh Du, chng ti xin c trch nguyn vn mt on nht k chin u ca Thiu tng Nguyn Hng Nh:

T sn bay Gia Lm v, trn ng i, t li my bay trc thng c tnh bay tht thp, bng qua cc nh my, xm lng, cc trn a cao x, tn la v n nhng cnh ng la va chn ti, nh c tnh tru chc chng ti: y, nhng my bay cng kch ca M lt vo nm bom ph v bom bi l ch khp ni y. Cc ng li 'v rui' thy cha?

Ci ngh li my bay ca chng ti nhy cm vi vic tru nhau lm! 'Yu cu hm nay nh mt trn thng tt! l yu cu cp bch ca n v!' - ng ch ch huy ni ngn gn nh th ri h lnh cho chng ti i tip thu my bay.

Trn ng i chn ch, lt qua bao lng bn qu hng rung nng san st, ni i nhp nh, nhng con sng nh nhng si ch trng ngon ngoo trn thm c xanh. Tt c nhng bc tranh tuyt p , ti c ngm nhiu ln, khng bao gi bit chn n, nhng n cng khng th no lm cho ti mt cnh gic c.

Ting Trung on trng trm trm ct ln trong tai nghe ca ti: 'Rui xanh' pha trc... Bin i chun b chin u!'. 'R!' - ti tr li cng dng dc p li ting ni im m ca ng ch Trung on trng. 'Pha trc, bn tri... km c 3 tp, 5 tp!...' - ting s 2 pht hin ch bo co.

V ton b bn chng l 6 tp. Chng ti chun b vo chin u, nh ph u ngay t u.

Bn chng cng pht hin, tm cch i ph li, nhng mun ri! Chng ti bm st ui chng v bn mt qu tn la vo tp tim kch i h tng lm cho i hnh ch ri lon, thng no cng lo ngot gp trnh tn la.

Chp thi c, ti tng tc xng thng ln i hnh ch, thc hin chin thut nh nhanh, thc su, bn ri ti ch 1 F-105. Thng gic li nhy d, b bt sng, s cn li vi vng qung bom ngoi mc tiu, tho chy.

Ting Trung on trng li vang ln trong tai ti: Tt c 'Thng li!.

B Thanh Du "tit l", ngoi lng yu nc v cm th gic M, cn mt l do khc phi cng Nguyn Hng Nh c gng h tht nhiu my bay M, l c gp Bc H.

Bi, sau ln u tin c gp v nhn huy hiu ca Bc, cm gic sung sng qu i khin ng h quyt tm tip tc bn ri thm nhiu my bay ch. Mi chic my bay ri, Bc H li gi tng mt huy hiu. Chic huy hiu th 8 c trao cho ng sau trn nh ngy 1/8/1968, khi ng bn ri chic F-8E ca Hi qun M.

Thy Hu
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